Footnotes & Sources

The background and pro and con arguments were written by staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
  1. Bowl Championship Series, "The BCS Is...," (accessed Nov. 2, 2009)>

  2. Gary K. Johnson, "Football Attendance Continues to Rise Amid Economic Uncertainty,", Feb. 11, 2009

  3. Richard Evans, "NCAA Bowl Finance: Something Changed in 1995,", Nov. 2, 2009

  4. Dan Wetzl, "Utah out of Sight, out of Mind,", Jan. 5, 2009

  5. Bowl Championship Series, "Bowl Championship Series 2009-2010 Media Guide," Aug. 24, 2009

  6. Bowl Championship Series, "How Are the BCS Standings Compiled?", Oct. 30, 2009

  7. Sean Brown, Congressman Barton's press secretary, told in a phone call on Dec. 9, 2009 that the vote in the subcommittee was a "voice vote," which means that no official tally is released other than the outcome that the bill was passed. He also stated that they are not expecting the bill to be heard in the House Energy and Commerce Committee until some time in 2010, and he provided a press release(200 KB) with Congressman Barton's opening statement for the Dec. 9, 2009 subcommittee vote.

  8. Dennis Dodd, "BCS Hires Fleischer to Spread Good Word? Good Luck,", Nov. 24, 2009

  9. Associated Press, "BCS Exec Hancock Hires PR Firm,", Nov. 21, 2009

  10. Associated Press, "BCS Creates Football Executive Director Role," New York Times, Nov. 17, 2009

  11. Jack Gage and Peter J. Schwartz, "The Most Valuable College Football Teams,", Jan. 2, 2007

  12. Bowl Championship Series, "Media Guide," (accessed Nov. 25, 2009)

  13. NCAA, "Football Bowl Subdivision Records," (accessed Sep. 4, 2009)

  14. Joe Barton, "H.R. 390,", Jan. 9, 2009

  15. Derrick Fox, "Statement of Derrick Fox to the House of Representatives,", May 1, 2009

  16. USC won the 2004 National Championship with a 55-19 victory over the University of Oklahoma in the 2005 Orange Bowl. On June 6, 2011, the BCS officially stripped USC of the title after the university lost an appeal over sanctions by the NCAA for violations regarding running back Reggie Bush committed during the 2004 season. As a result, there is no BCS champion for that year. USA TODAY reported this is the first time in the history of the BCS that a title has been vacated.
  17. Heather Dinich, "Playoff Plan to Run Through 2025,", June 27, 2012

  18. Bowl Championship Series, "BCS Presidential Oversight Committee Establishes New Postseason Format,", June 26, 2012

  19. Bill Hancock, "College Football Is Back, with a New Playoff on the Horizon,", Sep. 11, 2012

  20. "College Football Playoffs," (accessed Sep. 13, 2012)

  21. Chris Smith, "College Football's Most Valuable Teams,", Dec. 22, 2011

  22. "2011-2012 College Football Season Bowl Results," (accessed Sep. 14, 2012)

  23. Greg Johnson, "DI Board Approves Process to Fill Football Bowls in Case of Shortfall," NCAA website, Aug. 2, 2012

  24. Allie Grasgreen, "It's a Playoff," Insider Higher Ed, June 27, 2012


National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), "2009-10 Postseason Football Handbook,", Sep. 10, 2009

BCS Know How, "Explanation of the BCS Bowls," (accessed Oct. 28, 2009), "BCS Explained," Oct. 4, 2009

CBS Sports, "Strength of Schedule, Quality Wins Eliminated from BCS Formula,", July 24, 2004

Pat Forde, "Eight-team Playoff Would Be Ideal for College Football," ESPN website, May 20, 2008

Cam Inmam, "Why Not a 65-team playoff in College Football?," Mercury News, Nov. 13, 2009

Larry Lazo, "BCS vs. Playoff Debate Comes to Capitol Hill,", May 1, 2009

Stewart Mandel, "College Football Mailbag," Sports Illustrated website, Nov. 4, 2009

New York Times, "Renewing BCS Debate,", Oct. 17, 2008

Ralph D. Russo, "On the Road to Controversy-Free BCS Title Game," Washington Post, Nov. 8, 2009

Pete Thamel, "College Season Sputtering to a Finish,", Nov. 8, 2009

Bud Withers, "The Debate of BCS Versus Playoffs," Seattle Times, Nov. 7, 2008